Lake Natron is a salt lake located in northern Tanzania close to the Kenyan border, in Africa’s Great Rift Valley. The lake is quite shallow, less than three meters (10 feet) deep, and varies in width depending on its water level. The color of the lake is characteristic of those where very high evaporation rates occur. As water evaporates during the dry season, salinity levels increase to the point that salt-loving micro-organisms begin to thrive. Salt-loving organisms include some cyan bacteria, tiny bacteria that grow in water and make their own food with photosynthesis similar to plants. The red pigment in the cyan bacteria produces the deep reds of the open water of the lake, and orange colors of the shallow parts of the lake. Algae within the Lake’s soda produces a dynamic collage of patterns surface of whilst from air and do also support the high population of flamingos which do breed in the area.